Glossary

Free Cash Flow (FCF): International Accounting Standard (IAS) 7 recommends that Free Cash Flow should be recognized as “cash from operations less the amount of capital expenditures required to maintain the firm’s present productive capacity.”

Correlation: A mathematical term describing how closely related the price movement of different securities or asset classes is.  A correlation of zero means the relationship between them is totally random.  A positive correlation means that they move in similar directions.  A negative correlation means that they move in opposite directions.  In investing, a low correlation means that different securities or asset types have not performed in the same way: When returns on some securities or asset types decline, returns on others may decline less, or may indeed gain.

Duration: A commonly used measure of the potential volatility of the price of a debt security, or the aggregate market value of a portfolio of debt securities, prior to maturity.  Securities with a longer duration generally have more volatile prices than securities of comparable quality with a shorter duration.

Beta: Measures the volatility of a fund, as compared to the overall market.  The market’s beta is set at 1.00; a beta higher than 1.00 is considered to be more volatile than the market, while a beta lower than 1.00 is considered to be less volatile.

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